IOC Athletes’ Commission Member HAYLEY WICKENHEISER
Played for the Canada softball team at the 2000 Olympic Games, two years after her Olympic debut for the Canadian women’s ice hockey team at Nagano 1998. She then returned to ice hockey at Salt Lake City 2002, winning the first of four consecutive Olympic golds.
British rowing silver medallist in the women’s quadruple sculls at Athens 2004 (and a world champion in 2005), who subsequently joined the burgeoning GB track cycling programme and rode to gold in the individual pursuit at Beijing 2008. She also won individual and team pursuit world titles and has since taken up long-distance triathlon.
After road race and time trial cycling bronze medals for Canada at Atlanta 1996, Hughes won bronze in the 5,000m speed skating at Salt Lake City 2002. In 2006 she added 5,000m gold and a silver in team pursuit, to become the first Olympian to win multiple medals in both Summer and Winter Games. She returned to cycling at London 2012.
A gold medallist for the USA in swimming’s 4x200m freestyle relay at the Olympic Games in Atlanta in 1996, Taormina added cycling and running to her repertoire in order to race on triathlon’s Olympic debut in Sydney in 2000. She finished sixth that year and 23rd four years later in Athens before switching sports once more – this time adding fencing, showjumping and shooting to her repertoire to become a modern pentathlete, placing 19th at the Olympic Games in Beijing in 2008. She was the first woman to qualify for the Games in three different sports.
One of only two athletes in history to twice compete in both Summer and Winter Games in the same year – a feat no longer achievable as the two events are now held two years apart. Won a bronze medal for Japan in speed skating at the Winter Games in Albertville in 1992, before competing in track cycling later that year at the Summer Games in Barcelona. She had earlier achieved the same double in 1988.
The only athlete to have won medals in the Winter and Summer Games in the same year, Luding-Rothenburger won speed skating gold at Sarajevo in 1984. In 1988, she added speed skating gold and silver in Calgary before winning track cycling silver in Seoul just months later. She finished her career with speed skating bronze in Albertville in 1992.
Won four medals in two sports at the same Games in Paris in 1924, amassing three Olympic swimming titles along with a bronze in water polo. Went on to find fame as Tarzan in a succession of movies in the 1930s and 1940s.
JACOB TULLIN THAMS
Norwegian ski jumper who dominated the sport in the 1920s, winning gold at the 1924 inaugural Winter Games in Chamonix. He later won silver in sailing at the Berlin Games of 1936, becoming the second athlete after Eagan to win both Summer and Winter Olympic medals.
The only athlete ever to win both summer and winter gold medals, Eagan won the 1920 light-heavyweight boxing title then, 12 years later, rode to gold in the US four-man bobsleigh.
Before the Winter Games came into existence, Panin-Kolomenkin won gold (as Nikolay Panin) when figure skating was held as part of the programme at the 1908 Olympic Games in London. Four years later, he competed as a pistol shooter at the Stockholm Games, finishing fourth in the 50m team event. From 1915 to 1917, he was the General Secretary of the Russian Olympic Committee.